Heather is a small, evergreen shrub most associated with the open, acidic moorlands of northern Europe. It has dense branches that are slender and erect. These are covered with tiny, scale-like leaves of pale gray-green to dark green. From summer to fall, it produces numerous, small, bell-shaped flowers along its stems. These may be white, red, pink or purple-red depending on the population or cultivar.
Heather must have acid soil that is well drained, while being evenly moist and rich in organic matter. It prefers full to partial sun and is wind tolerant. This colorful shrub is highly attractive to bees and when planted in masses, creates an appealing display of fine, spiky mounds. It may also be used in containers, mixed sunny borders or rock gardens. (info source: Learn2Grow.com)
Genus - Calluna
Species - Vulgaris
Common name - Scot's Heather
Pre-Treatment - Not-required, but recommended
Hardiness zones - 5 - 8
Height - 4"-24" / 10.2cm - 61.0cm
Spread - 24"-32" / 61.0cm - 81.3cm
Plant type - Small shrub / flower
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic
Soil type - Loam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Container, Cutflower, Edging, Foundation, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall
Germination rate - 86%
Bloom season - Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall
Leaf / Flower color - Gray-green / Pink, purple, red
|Germination||Sow outdoors in late fall for early spring germination, or sow indoors. Fresh seeds will germinate in 30-35 days if a temperature within the medium of 13-20C / 55-70F is maintained.|
Seeds may benefit from being placed in a moistened medium in the refrigerator for 4 weeks, followed by germination as above.
Heather blooms the second year from sowing.
In spring, space 12 inches apart in full sun in an acid, infertile, highly organic soil that is well-drained. Keep the soil evenly moist and feed once in spring. Shear in early spring and mulch the plants to help them retain moisture.
These evergreen plants require no staking and tolerate wind and partial shade.