A decidious Shrub growing to 6m. It is hardy to zone 3. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires dry or moist soil.
Genus - Euonymus
Species - Europaeus
Common name - European Spindle Tree
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 7
Height - 12'-30' / 3.7m - 9.1m
Spread - 10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m
Plant type - Large Shrub
Vegetation type - Ornamental decidious
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Average, drought tolerant
Landscape uses - Hedges, Screening / Wind Break
Germination rate - 78%
Bloom season - Late Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Yellow - green
|Germination||1. Soak seeds for 24 hours in a warm water|
2. Stratify for 2-3 months in dampened peat or sand, in a plastic box or bag at 4°C or 5°C in a refrigerator. The seeds should not be frozen or in a wet medium.
3. After the pretreatment, sow about 2mm deep in a well drained seed sowing mix at about 10-20°C.
Euonymus seeds will usually germinate in 20-365 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic.
When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm long taken at a node or with a heel, July/August in a frame. Very easy.