Clean and floated seeds
The showy, colorful fall fruits of scarlet firethorn can’t be beat. This thorny, evergreen shrub is native to southeastern Europe, Turkey and the Caucasus region. It can become quite large and can develop a broad rounded, upright or spreading habit at maturity.
The evergreen to semi-evergreen leaves of firethorn are small, glossy, dark green and turn shades of bronze, dark green and brown in fall and winter. In spring, it bears clusters of white, musty smelling flowers that are attractive to bees. The green fruits that follow resemble miniature apples and turn shades of vibrant scarlet or orange late in the season. These persist into winter until they are eaten by birds.
Scarlet firethorn prefers full sun for best habit, flowering and fruiting. It is adaptable to a wide range of well-drained soils and can be moderately drought tolerant once established. Pruning should be done in late winter to early spring but sparingly—unless plants are trained as espalier or bonsai specimens. It is versatile, low-maintenance and can be planted as informal hedging, in shrub borders or trained as an espalier, bonsai specimen or trained as a small tree. (source: learn2grow.com)
Genus - Pyracantha
Species - Coccinea
Common name - Scarlet Firethorn
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 9
Height - 5'-20' / 1.5m - 6.1m (15)
Spread - 3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m (6)
Plant type - Shrub
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, laom, Sand, well drained
Water requirements - Drought tolerant, average water
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
Germination rate - 86%
Bloom season - Spring, Late Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green, Dark Green / White
|Germination||1. Soak in hot tap water for 24 hours |
2. Cold/moist stratify for 90 days in moist vermiculite or sterile soil.
3. Sow seed 1/16" (1mm) deep, tamp the soil, lightly mulch the seed bed.
Plant the seeds in a container in a mixed medium of horticultural sand and peat or another organic material at a ratio of 1:1. Never plant firethorn seeds in regular soil. When planting seeds in the fall, cover the peat/sand mixture with a layer of coarse grit, available at garden supply stores, and leave them outdoors for the winter. Seeds planted in the spring don't require coarse grit, though it helps.