Balsam fir is a tall coniferous evergreen tree native to the northeastern fifth of the United States and extreme southern Canada. It has a fine pyramidal form and becomes a very tall tree when mature. Its small deep green needles are soft, glossy and smell of sweet balsam. The female cones are full of resin and are brown when mature, and shatter readily when dry. This tree offers year round interest and provides habitat to wildlife, including foliage eaten by deer.
Plants excel in full to part sun and do well in slightly acidic, well-drained soils that are moist. This evergreen does not fair well in regions that are hot-summered or affected by drying winds or seasonal droughts. Balsam fir is a favorite Christmas tree. Use it in the landscape as specimen trees, very tall privacy screens, dense windbreaks or for reforestation. Often times the typical garden landscape finds this tree not fairing as nicely as it would in natural environments as is has a very shallow root system and appreciates cool soil. (source: learn2grow.com)
Genus - Abies
Species - Balsamea
Common name - Balsam Fir
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 6
Height - 45'-75' / 14 - 22 m
Spread - 10'-20' / 3 - 6 m
Plant type - Medium-large Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Slow
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Lam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Drought Tolerant
Landscape uses - Light Green, Dark Green
Germination rate - 40%
Leaf / Flower color - Light Green, Dark Green / --
|Germination||A short period of cold and moist stratification (in the fridge) needed.|
1. Soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours. Fully drain away all of the water and place the seeds in a zip-lock freezer bag. Place the seeds in the fridge. Make sure the seeds during this period not dry out or are waterlogged otherwise the pre-treatment will be ineffective.
2. After 6-8 weeks of teh pretreatment seeds are ready to be sown.
3. Sow in a good quality potting compost. It shoudl be sterile and clean, never used before. Firm the compost gently, water and sow the seeds on the surface. Cover the seeds lightly (~2 mm) of vermiculite or sieved compost. Keep moist and at room temperature.
4. Germination will begin in a few weeks.