Medium to tall fir of central to western United States having a narrow erect crown and soft wood.
Evergreen tree with a striking silvery light blue color, white fir is a pyramidal evergreen tree native to western North America. This large coniferous tree is admired for its short, soft needles of silvery blue-green and its dense symmetrical habit. The female cones are green when immature, then brown at maturity, usually only found in the upper third of the canopy. Its bark is whitish gray and new twigs have a yellow-green hue and are slightly hairy.
Like most firs, this tree is best planted in slightly acidic, well-drained, soil that is moist. White fir is also noted for being somewhat tolerant of heat, drought and pollution; this is arguably the most adaptable and forgiving of all Abies for the garden and urban landscape. This is an excellent specimen plant for large areas, and when planted en masse they make imposing privacy screens or windbreaks. There are numerous cultivars of white fir that vary in size and habit, including compact, dwarf and weeping selections. Deer forage upon the tender needles and buds while porcupines are known to eat the bark. (source: learn2grow.com)
Genus - Abies
Species - Concolor
Common name - Pacific White Fir
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 7
Height - 30-130' / 9 - 39 m
Spread - 15-30' / 4.50 - 9 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Loam, Sand
Water requirements - Drought Tolerant
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break
Germination rate - 82%
Leaf / Flower color - Blue Green, Gray Green, Steel Blue, Silver / --
|Germination||A short period of cold and moist stratification (in the fridge) needed.|
1. Soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours. Fully drain away all of the water and place the seeds in a zip-lock freezer bag. Place the seeds in the fridge. Make sure the seeds during this period not dry out or are waterlogged otherwise the pre-treatment will be ineffective.
2. After 6-8 weeks of teh pretreatment seeds are ready to be sown.
3. Sow in a good quality potting compost. It shoudl be sterile and clean, never used before. Firm the compost gently, water and sow the seeds on the surface. Cover the seeds lightly (~2 mm) of vermiculite or sieved compost. Keep moist and at room temperature.
4. Germination will begin in a few weeks.