It is a large evergreen tree typically up to 40-60 m tall and 2 m trunk diameter, rarely to 76 m tall and 3 m diameter, with a narrow conic crown. Hardy to zone 6. The bark on young trees is smooth, grey, and with resin blisters, becoming orange-red, rough and fissured on old trees. The leaves are needle-like, 2-3.5 cm long, glaucous blue-green above and below with strong stomatal bands, and an acute tip.
It is a high altitude tree, typically occurring at 1,400-2,700 m altitude, though only rarely reaching tree line. The name Red Fir derives from the bark color of old trees.
Genus - Abies
Species - Magnifica
Common name - Californian Red Fir
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 6 - 8
Height - 50 m
Spread - 5 m
Plant type - Large Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Chalk or neutral
Soil type - Clay, Loam, Sand
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break
Germination rate - 75%
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
|Germination||A short period of cold and moist stratification (in the fridge) needed.|
1. Soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours. Fully drain away all of the water and place the seeds in a zip-lock freezer bag. Place the seeds in the fridge. Make sure the seeds during this period not dry out or are waterlogged otherwise the pre-treatment will be ineffective.
2. After 6-8 weeks of the pretreatment seeds are ready to be sown.
3. Sow in a good quality potting compost. It shoudl be sterile and clean, never used before. Firm the compost gently, water and sow the seeds on the surface. Cover the seeds lightly (~2 mm) of vermiculite or sieved compost. Keep moist and at room temperature.
4. Germination will begin in a few weeks.