Nordman fir is a striking evergreen tree that originates from Asia Minor along the southern reaches of the Black Sea. It has an elegant, columnar form with horizontally tiered branches that reach down to the ground. Branches are covered with dense, lustrous, dark green (with a hint of black) needles that are soft to the touch when grasped. The female cones are quite large and narrow, becoming reddish brown when ripe and are displayed in the upper third of the needled canopy. The bark is grayish brown.
A preferred location for a Nordman fir is growing in full sun and moist, well-drained soil. It offers year-round interest and is considered one of the more elegant, more adaptable and easiest to grow firs for the landscape. Plant it as a specimen plant, or in groups for privacy screens or imposing windbreaks. Deer are known to forage upon foliage and tender buds. (source: learn2grow.com)
Genus - Abies
Species - Nordmanniana
Common name - Nordman Fir
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 6
Height - 30'-60' / 9 - 18 m
Spread - 15'-20' / 4.50 - 6 m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Loam, Sand, Well drained
Water requirements - Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break
Germination rate - 95%
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
|Germination||A short period of cold and moist stratification (in the fridge) needed.|
1. Soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours. Fully drain away all of the water and place the seeds in a zip-lock freezer bag. Place the seeds in the fridge. Make sure the seeds during this period not dry out or are waterlogged otherwise the pre-treatment will be ineffective.
2. After 6-8 weeks of the pretreatment seeds are ready to be sown.
3. Sow in a good quality potting compost. It shoudl be sterile and clean, never used before. Firm the compost gently, water and sow the seeds on the surface. Cover the seeds lightly (~2 mm) of vermiculite or sieved compost. Keep moist and at room temperature.
4. Germination will begin in a few weeks.