Arbutus menziesii is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone 7. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.
Fruit - raw or cooked. A bland taste. Very sour according to another report. After boiling the fruit can be dried for later use. The fruit is about 15mm in diameter.
Genus - Arbutus
Species - Menziesii
Common name - Madrone
Pre-Treatment - Not-required, but recommended
Hardiness zones - 7 - 9
Height - 20'-100' / 6.1m - 30.5m
Spread - 45'-50' / 13.7m - 15.2m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Ornamental evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic
Soil type - Clay, Loam
Water requirements - Drought Tolerant
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Shade Trees
Germination rate - 60%
Bloom season - Early summer
Leaf / Flower color - Grey green, dark green / White
|Germination||Seed should be soaked for 5 - 6 days in warm water and then surface sown in a shady position in a greenhouse. Do not allow the compost to become dry. 6 weeks cold stratification helps. The seed usually germinates well in 2 - 3 months at 20°c. |
Seedlings are prone to damp off, they are best transplanted to individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and should be kept well ventilated. Grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Basal cuttings in late winter.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November/December in a frame. Poor percentage. Layering of young wood - can take 2 years.