An elegant, tough, and shade-tolerant broadleaf evergreen, this Northeast Asian native is often associated with Japanese gardens. It forms a dense, compact, rounded shape when young, but matures into an upright multi-trunked large shrub with handsome gray bark.
Whorls of glossy elliptic leaves cover cleyera all year around. Bronze to red when young, they quickly deepen to glossy dark-green. In winter they turn shades of burnished bronze red. Small, fragrant, creamy-white flowers appear on the previous year's wood in late spring and early summer. The five-petaled, nodding blooms give rise to attractive small, fleshy, inedible fruits that are yellow-green maturing to bright red. These showy cherry-like fruits ripen in fall and persist through winter.
This handsome shrub excels in partial shade and sandy, fertile, acid soil, although it will tolerate slightly alkaline soils and some clay. This is an exceptionally pest- and disease-free plant that looks great either pruned or left to its own devices. It is ideal for screening, large hedges or foundations and is pretty enough to plant as a specimen. It also works well as an outdoor or indoor container plant. Several cultivars have been selected for their colorful foliage. (info source: Learn2grow.com)
Genus - Cleyera
Species - Japonica
Common name - Sakaki
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 7 - 10
Height - 8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m
Spread - 5'-10' / 1.5m - 3.0m
Plant type - Shrub
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade
Growth rate - Slow
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, Loam, Well Drained
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break
Germination rate - 70%
Bloom season - Late Spring, Early Summer
Leaf / Flower color - Dark Green / White, Yellow
|1. Soak the seed in a bowl of water for 24 hours. This will help to soften the tough outer coat of the seed, preparatory to germination.
2. Moisten the peat moss and wring out any excess moisture. You will need enough peat to completely envelop the seed, generally twice the seed's volume.
3. Wrap the seed in the peat and place it in a plastic bag. Place the plastic bag in a warm area, at least 68F (+20°C) , for 60-90 days. This process is known as warm stratification. The seed's radicle (the part of the embryo that will eventually develop into the root) will develop during this period.
4. Check the moisture content of the peat periodically. If it begins to dry, spray it with a misting bottle so that it is moist, but not soggy.
5. Place the bagged seed in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator and allow it to sit for 60 days. This is a common seed germination technique, used to break a seed's dormancy, known as cold-moist stratification.
6. Fill a planting pot with a mixture of equal parts of perlite, sand and compost. Water the soil and allow the excess water to drain from the bottom of the pot.
7. Plant the seed 3/8 inch deep and cover it with soil. Place the pot in an area that receives light, but not direct sun.
8. Water the soil to maintain a moist environment for the seed. Using the misting bottle to mist the soil will help you to keep from overwatering it. Allow the sapling to develop. Never let the soil become soggy.