Flavor your home brew of gin with the fleshy cones of the common juniper. Found in a wide array of habitats across northern Asia, Europe and North America, the common juniper also is a highly variable plant, ranging from low shrubs to upright, multitrunked, narrow trees. It is the most widely distributed conifer species in the world and only juniper species to occur in Eurasia and North America. Compared to the Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis), common juniper prospers in much colder climates.
The prickly, spine-tipped needle foliage ranges from blue-green or gray-green to deep green. Needles are typically borne in threes and have white bands on the inner needle surfaces. Rather than flowering, these conifers produce male or female cones. The male cones shed pollen into the wind, later pollinating female cones that ripen to oval or round fruits. The female cones usually are first powdery blue, and over the course of three years on the plant, ripen to black.
Grow common juniper in any well-drained soil in full sun to bright, dappled shade. This species prospers in dry, chalky and sandy soils, but will suffer in soggy ground.
Wild-growing specimens provide shelter for wildlife and may become impressive specimens that are contorted or wind-swept on hillsides, cliffs or among rocks. The brown bark weathers to gray and exfoliates to reveal a smooth bark layer on old plants.
Information source: http://www.learn2grow.com/plants/juniperus-communis/
Genus - Juniperus
Species - Communis
Common name - Common Juniper
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 2 - 6
Height - 2 - 9 m
Spread - 2.50 - 6 m
Plant type - Shrub
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acid, neutral, alkaline
Soil type - Clay, Loam, Sand
Water requirements - Average, drought tolerant
Landscape uses - Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break
Leaf / Flower color - Fom blue-green or gray-green to deep green / --
|Germination||1. Soak seeds in water for 12 hours.|
2. Mix with moist vermiculite or clean sand and place into the ziplock bag or airtight container.
3. Keep the bag at a temperature of +2-+4C for 3 months and then transfer them to a room with a temperature of +20C. This process is termed stratification and the seeds will begin to germinate at this warmer temperature.
4. Keep the seedlings in a shaded area for the first year of their lives.