Parthenocissus vitacea (Syn. P. inserta), also known as Thicket Creeper, False Virginia Creeper, Woodbine, or Grape Woodbine, is a woody vine native to North America, in southeastern Canada and a large area of the United States.
It is a prolific climber, reaching heights of 20-30 m in the wild, using small branched tendrils with twining tips. The leaves are palmately compound, composed of five leaflets, and range from 3-20 cm across. The leaflets have a toothed margin.
The flowers are small and greenish, produced in clusters in late spring, and mature in late summer or early fall into small hard purplish-black berries 5-7 mm diameter. These berries contain oxalic acid, which is only very moderately poisonous. They provide an important winter food source for birds.
It is very closely related to Virginia Creeper (P. quinquefolia), differing only in its means of climbing, the tendrils twining around plant stems, not having the sticky pads found on the tendrils of Virginia Creeper. One consequence of this is that (unlike Virginia Creeper) it cannot climb smooth walls, only through shrubs and trees. The leaf shape, and also the brilliant fall colors, are indistinguishable from Virginia Creeper.
Genus - Parthenocissus
Species - Vitacea Inserta
Common name - Woodbine Creeper
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 9
Height - 50'-80' / 15.2m - 24.4m
Plant type - Vine
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand, well drained
Water requirements - Average
Landscape uses - Fast growing decorative wine
Germination rate - 86%
Bloom season - Spring, Late Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green, autumn - Dark Red, Orange Red / Yellow Green
|Germination||1. Place the seeds in a bowl, cover them with water and allow them to soak for 24 hours.|
2. Place the seeds in a handful of just slightly moist sand and then into a plastic sandwich bag. Seal the bag and leave it in the refrigerator for 60 days.
3. Sow the seeds inside in pots or into the garden in the spring, after the danger of frost has passed. Plant them 3/8 inch deep in an area that receives direct sun.
4. Water the planting area until the top 6 inches of soil is saturated. Keep the soil moist. Once established, you can water only during periods of extended drought. (source: ehow.com)