This is a fast growing pine for regions with extremes of temperature and the rigors of periodic drought. Afghan pine is native to the eastern Mediterranean, Afghanistan and Persia. Populations are most numerous in semi-arid areas with extreme summer heat and very cold winters.
This upright, tree has a rounded canopy that features dark green foliage with needles in bundles of two. Its bark is very thick, gray and red-brown hued and deeply fissured. Its pretty cones are oval and brown.
This is an ideal candidate for the challenging conditions of the southwestern high desert because it is tolerant of iron poor sandy soils with little organic matter. These trees resist hot winds, so they are great as windbreaks. It is a reliable landscape evergreen for tough landscapes. (info source: Learn2Grow.com)
Genus - Pinus
Species - Eldarica
Common name - Afghan Pine
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 9
Height - 30'-40' / 9 - 12 m
Spread - 25'-30' / 7 - 9 m
Plant type - Medium Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Well drained
Water requirements - Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break
Germination rate - 90%
Leaf / Flower color - Green / --
|Germination||1. Place the seeds in a container with tepid water and soak them for 24 hours. Change the water and wait another 24 hours.|
2. Put the seeds in a small plastic bag and cover with damp sand. Place the bag holding the seeds in the refrigerator for one to two months to stratify the seeds, which is preserving seeds in layers of moisture-laden peat, soil or sand. Check the sand and water as needed to maintain moisture. Don't allow the seeds to get soaked.
3. Fill small pots with compost. Place one or two pine seeds on top of the compost in each pot, then cover the seeds with a thin layer of sand.
4. Water the sand and compost to add moisture, then place the pots in a warm, sunny location. As the seedlings emerge and grow, the soil needs to remain moist, not wet.
5. Repot the pine trees into medium-sized pots in the fall. Grow them in the pots for the following season until they are large and strong enough for transplanting into the landscape.