Producing pendent, stringed clusters of rosy-pink berries that can be eaten like peppercorns, the peppertree also has fine-textured leaves. An evergreen tree with a weeping and spreading canopy, it is native to the drier highlands of interior South America, in Peru and Bolivia. The young bark is smooth and gray, but with age becomes a papery to corky beige.
The peppery-scented leaves are long and linear, resembling those of a fern. Each leaf is made up of 19-41 narrow, short and glossy leaflets that are medium to dark-green. From late winter to summer, long, pendent, strands of tiny, yellow-white flowers appear in the tree's canopy. This species is dioecious—a tree produces all-male or all-female flowers. The female tree yield the pretty, rosy-pink fruits, which fortunately do not germinate in profusion after they fall to the ground.
Grow peppertree in full to partial sun and soil that is moist but well-drained. It handles drought, but should be irrigated for best growth, bloom and fruiting. Tolerant of reflective heat from nearby buildings or hardscapes, this tree is a welcome provider of shade. It tolerates light freezes, but in brutal cold may be killed either to the ground or entirely. It may also be used as a windbreak or screen. (info source: Learn2Grow.com)
Genus - Schinus
Species - Molle
Common name - California Pepper Tree
Pre-Treatment - Not-required
Hardiness zones - 8 - 11
Height - 30'-60' / 9.1m - 18.3m
Spread - 15'-35' / 4.6m - 10.7m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Evergreen
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Loam, Sand, Well Drained
Water requirements - Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant
Landscape uses - Edible, Feature Plant, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees
Germination rate - 89%
Bloom season - Spring, early summer
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Light yellow
|Germination||Soak for 24 hours and sow a few millimeters deep in a warm greenhouse in mid spring or start indoors. Tamp th soil and keep moist.|
Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter before planting out in early summer. Cuttings of almost ripe wood, 8cm with a heel, August to early September in a frame. Fair to good percentage.