European mountain ash is a small to medium-sized, rounded, deciduous tree native to Europe, Siberia and western Asia. It has also become naturalized in northern regions of North America--from Newfoundland to Alaska. Many features make it a showy landscape tree all season long, including its feathery, pinnately compound leaves, flat heads of musky-scented white spring flowers, fall clusters of vibrant red-orange berry-like pomes and vibrant fall leaf color that ranges from yellow to red or burgundy. The edible pomes are favored by birds, but may also be processed into a tasty, tart jelly that is eaten with poultry or game.
Plant the European mountain ash in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil rich in organic matter. It grows best in slightly acid soils but will tolerate more alkaline soils. It also withstands strong winds, harsh winter cold and some summer heat. For best fall foliage color, water trees during substantial periods of summer drought. Plant in the landscape as a small shade tree or lawn specimen. (info source: Learn2Grow.com)
Genus - Sorbus
Species - Aucuparia
Common name - European Mountain Ash
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 3 - 7
Height - 20'-50' / 6.1m - 15.2m
Spread - 15'-40' / 4.6m - 12.2m
Plant type - Tree
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Fast
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral
Soil type - Clay, loam, sand
Water requirements - Average
Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Shade Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
Germination rate - 86%
Bloom season - Late Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green / White
|Germination||1. Soak the seeds overnight in warm water. Mix the seeds with just a little bit moist vermiculite or moist sterile soil. Place the seeds in airtight plastic bag and store them in the refrigerator for at least two months. |
2. Sow 1mm deep in the soil and keep moist in bright and warm place till teh germination.
2. Select a planting site for seeds outside in full sun, as they do not tolerate shade. This tree prefers fertile soil, but can tolerate poor soil. Mix sufficient peat moss into the soil to lower its pH to between 4.7 and 6.0.
3. Scatter the seeds thinly over the planting site in early fall or winter. Press the seeds lightly onto the soil without covering them.
4. Water the seeds with 1 to 2 inches of water per week, beginning after the last expected frost. The seedlings require consistently moist soil while growing, and the mature trees do not tolerate drought.
Seedlings do not generally require special protection from insects or disease.(source: ehow.com)