A decidious Shrub growing to 4m by 3m. It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution. (info source: pfaf.org)
Genus - Sambucus
Species - Racemosa
Common name - European Red Elder
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 7
Height - 10'-12' / 3.0m - 3.7m
Spread - 8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m
Plant type - Shrub
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Light (sandy), medium (loamy), heavy (clay)
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge
Germination rate - 91%
Bloom season - Summer
Leaf / Flower color - Green / White
|Germination||1. Soak in hot tap water for 24 hours|
2. Cold/moist stratify for 60 days. Seeds can be stratified in dampened peat or sand, in a plastic box or bag at 4°C or 5°C in a refrigerator. The seeds should not be frozen or in a wet medium.
3. After the stratification sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: if water treatment does not allow seed to imbibe, sulfuric acid treatment is required. can be fall sown without stratification.