A decidious Shrub growing to 4m by 3m. It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution. (info source: pfaf.org)
Genus - Sambucus
Species - Racemosa
Common name - European Red Elder
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 7
Height - 10'-12' / 3 - 4 m
Spread - 8'-12' / 2.40 - 4 m
Plant type - Shrub
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil type - Light (sandy), medium (loamy), heavy (clay)
Water requirements - Average Water
Landscape uses - Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge
Germination rate - 91%
Bloom season - Summer
Leaf / Flower color - Green / White
|Germination||You can plant the seeds outdoors in the fall and let them naturally stratify during the winter and they will germinate in the spring.|
But if you are going to sow it inside - cold stratification period is required.
1. Soak the seeds for 12 hours in warm water (~+30-+40C).
2. Mix the seeds with moist vermiculite or sterile sand, place in ziplock bag and keep inside in your fridge (+2-+4C) for 60 days.
3. After startification sow the seeds in pots on the surface of the moist soil. Cover lightly (1-2 mm) with vermiculite or soil.